Sopori Ranch holds the history, sites and stories of generations of O’odham, Spanish, Mexican, and American peoples – a complex legacy of life in southern Arizona.

Linda Mayro, Cultural Resources Manager, Pima County

Cultural Resources

Like other riverine areas in Southern Arizona, the corridor along Sopori Creek has supported human habitation for nearly 12,000 years. The discovery of ancient historical artifacts in this area provide a glimpse of prehistoric land use and settlement patterns in the Upper Santa Cruz River Basin.  Maps and narratives from historic times refer to the spot where Sopori Creek meets the Santa Cruz River as part of a southern cross-country route used by 17th- and 18th-century explorers.

Outstanding features include:

  • A 2016 survey suggests that more prehistoric sites as well as later 19th-and early 20th-century artifacts may be found in this little studied area.

Benefit of preservation

The Sopori Creek and Farm has not been as well studied as other parts of Southern Arizona, such as Canoa Ranch, Empire Ranch, Babacomari Ranch and Rancho San Bernardino. A critical study of the farm’s physical sites as well as references to it in historical sources would help round out its compelling history.